Fir trees are evergreen coniferous trees. They can be confused with other types of conifer. The way to tell a fir tree is by the way the needles grow, and by the cones. The soft needles are attached to the branch by what looks like a suction cup, and detach from the branch without leaving a peg behind. The fir tree cones grow upwards, like candles, rather than hanging down. They are softer than other coniferous trees, and they open up at the end of the season to spread their seeds. The trees can grow very large – up to 80 m. – and tend to be somewhat conical in shape. ‘Spanish Fir’ is endemic Abies of some mountainous ranges of south Spain, particularly Málaga and Cádiz. It is a narrow, evergreen conifer that matures to a broad pyramidal shape. Trees are slow growing, but eventually rise to 25m tall. Seed cones emerge greenish pink to purple, maturing to brown. ‘Aurea’ – Golden Spanish Fir – has young foliage that is golden coloured, maturing to blue-grey.

Scientific Classification:

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How to care and grow ?


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It requires moist air.

Pests and Diseases:

It has no serious pest or disease problems.

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